Table

Peru. Source:CIA The World Factbook
N Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information Remark
1 Area 1,285,216.00 (sq km) 21 Area compares the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.
2 Population 31,331,228 Population 44 July 2018 est. Population compares estimates from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends.
3 Median age 28.4 (years) 137
4 Population growth rate 0.94 (%) 118 2018 est. Population growth rate compares the average annual percent change in populations, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative.
5 Birth rate 17.6 (births/1,000 population) 98 2018 est. Birth rate compares the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.
6 Death rate 6.1 (deaths/1,000 population) 159 2018 est. Death rate compares the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.
7 Net migration rate -2.1 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 164 2018 est. Net migration rate compares the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population).
8 Maternal mortality rate 68 (deaths/100,000 live births) 84 2015 est. The Maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes).
9 Infant mortality rate 17.8 (deaths/1,000 live births) 88 est. Infant mortality rate compares the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
10 Life expectancy at birth 74.2 (years) 128 est. Life expectancy at birth compares the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages.
11 Total fertility rate 2.1 (children born/woman) 101 2018 est. Total fertility rate (TFR) compares figures for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman.
12 Health expenditures 5.5 (% of GDP) 128 2014 Health expenditures provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
13 HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.3 (%) 87 2017 est. HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate compares the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS.
14 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 72,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 49 2017 est. HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS compares all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
15 HIV/AIDS - deaths 2,100 HIV/AIDS - deaths 48 2017 est. HIV/AIDS - deaths compares the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
16 Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.7 (%) 110 2016 Obesity - adult prevalence rate gives the percent of a country’s population considered to be obese.
17 Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.1 (%) 98 2016 Children under the age of 5 years underweight gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five.
18 Education expenditures 3.9 (% of GDP) 114 2017 Education expenditures compares the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP.
19 Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 14.7 (%) 96 est. Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
20 GDP (purchasing power parity) $430,300,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity) 46 2017 est. GDP (purchasing power parity) compares the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation’s GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States.
21 GDP - real growth rate 2.5 (%) 132 2017 est. GDP - real growth rate compares GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent.
22 GDP - per capita (PPP) $13,500 GDP - per capita (PPP) 119 2017 est. GDP - per capita (PPP) compares GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
23 Gross national saving 19.8 (% of GDP) 100 2017 est. Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving, plus government saving, but excludes foreign saving. The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative number indicates that the economy as a whole is spending more income than it produces, thus drawing down national wealth (dissaving).
24 Industrial production growth rate 2.7 (%) 113 2017 est. Industrial production growth rate compares the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction).
25 Labor force 17,030,000 Labor force 36 2017 est. Labor force compares the total labor force figure.
26 Unemployment rate 6.9 (%) 104 2017 est. Unemployement rate compares the percent of the labor force that is without jobs.
27 Distribution of family income - Gini index 45.3 Distribution of family income - Gini index 40 2012 Distribution of family income - Gini index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The more nearly equal a country’s income distribution, the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country’s income distribution, the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the index would be 100.
28 Taxes and other revenues 27.1 (% (of GDP)) 103 2017 est. Taxes and other revenues records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises.
29 Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.1 (% (of GDP)) 135 2017 est. Budget surplus or deficit records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit).
30 Public debt 25.4 (% of GDP) 174 2017 est. Public debt compares the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country’s home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt.
31 Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.80 (%) 128 2017 est. Inflation rate (consumer prices) compares the annual percent change in consumer prices with the previous year’s consumer prices.
32 Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 97 31 December 2016 est. Central bank discount rate compares the annualized interest rate a country’s central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds.
33 Commercial bank prime lending rate 16.6 (%) 29 31 December 2017 est. Commercial bank prime lending rate compares a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers.
34 Stock of narrow money $33,410,000,000 Stock of narrow money 61 31 December 2017 est. “Stock of money compares”“M1”" which is the total quantity of currency in circulation (notes and coins) plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency, held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. The national currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate on the date of the information."
35 Stock of broad money $33,410,000,000 Stock of broad money 61 31 December 2017 est. “Stock of quasi money compares the total quantity of time and savings deposits denominated in the national currency, held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. When added together with”“M1”" the total money supply is known as “”M2.“” The national currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate on the date of the information."
36 Stock of domestic credit $56,700,000,000 Stock of domestic credit 62 31 December 2017 est. Stock of domestic credit compares the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by banks to nonbanking institutions. The national currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate on the date of the information.
37 Market value of publicly traded shares $56,560,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares 49 31 December 2015 est. Market value of publicly traded shares compares the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated. It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange.
38 Current account balance -$2,414,000,000 Current account balance 172 2017 est. Current account balance compares a country’s net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings, and net transfer payments to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis.
39 Exports $44,920,000,000 Exports 54 2017 est. Exports compares the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis.
40 Imports $38,650,000,000 Imports 62 2017 est. Imports compares the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis.
41 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold $63,830,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 35 31 December 2017 est. Reserves of foreign exchange and gold compares the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country’s balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified.
42 Debt - external $66,250,000,000 Debt - external 60 31 December 2017 est. Debt - external compares the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis.
43 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home $98,240,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 46 31 December 2017 est. Stock of direct foreign investment - at home compares the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares.
44 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad $5,447,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 74 31 December 2017 est. Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad compares the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly by residents - primarily companies - of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares.
45 Electricity - production 50,130,000,000 (kWh) 54 2016 est. Electricity - production compares the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours.
46 Electricity - consumption 44,610,000,000 (kWh) 53 2016 est. Electricity - consumption compares total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours.
47 Electricity - exports 55,000,000 (kWh) 86 2015 est. Electricity exports is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours.
48 Electricity - imports 22,000,000 (kWh) 112 2016 est. Electricity - imports is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours.
49 Electricity - installed generating capacity 14,730,000.00 (kW) 51 2016 est. Electricity - installed generating capacity is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour.
50 Electricity - from fossil fuels 61 (% of total installed capacity) 128 2016 est. Electricity from fossil fuels measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum products, and natural gas), expressed as a share of the country’s total generating capacity.
51 Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0 (% of total installed capacity) 164 2017 est. Electricity - from nuclear fuels measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive decay of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country’s total generating capacity.
52 Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 35 (% of total installed capacity) 60 2017 est. Electricity - from hydroelectric plants measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country’s total generating capacity.
53 Electricity - from other renewable sources 4 (% of total installed capacity) 116 2017 est. Electricity - from other renewable sources measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric (including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal), expressed as a share of the country’s total generating capacity.
54 Crude oil - production 43,520 (bbl/day) 56 2017 est. Crude oil - production is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
55 Crude oil - exports 7,995 (bbl/day) 61 2015 est. Crude oil - exports is the total amount of crude oil exported, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
56 Crude oil - imports 86,060 (bbl/day) 46 2015 est. Crude oil - imports is the total amount of crude oil imported, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
57 Crude oil - proved reserves 434,900,000 (bbl) 47 1 January 2018 est. Crude oil - proved reserves is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels (bbl). Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
58 Refined petroleum products - production 166,600 (bbl/day) 57 2015 est. Refined petroleum products - production is the country’s total output of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
59 Refined petroleum products - consumption 250,000 (bbl/day) 50 2016 est. Refined petroleum products - consumption is the country’s total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
60 Refined petroleum products - exports 62,640 (bbl/day) 49 2015 est. Refined petroleum products - exports is the country’s total exports of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
61 Refined petroleum products - imports 65,400 (bbl/day) 71 2015 est. Refined petroleum products - imports is the country’s total imports of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
62 Natural gas - production 12,990,000,000 (cu m) 37 2017 est. Natural gas - production compares the total natural gas produced in cubic meters (cu m).
63 Natural gas - consumption 7,483,000,000 (cu m) 53 2017 est. Natural gas - consumption compares the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters (cu m).
64 Natural gas - exports 5,505,000,000 (cu m) 28 2017 est. Natural gas - exports compares the total natural gas exported in cubic meters (cu m).
65 Natural gas - imports 0 (cu m) 174 2017 est. Natural gas - imports compares the total natural gas imported in cubic meters (cu m).
66 Natural gas - proved reserves 455,900,000,000 (cu m) 32 1 January 2018 est. Natural gas - proved reserves compares the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters (cu m).
67 Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 55,940,000.00 (Mt) 55 2017 est. Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy.
68 Telephones - fixed lines 3,082,036 Telephones - fixed lines 46 2017 est. Telephones - main lines in use compares the total number of main telephone lines in use.
69 Telephones - mobile cellular 38,915,386 Telephones - mobile cellular 37 2017 est. Telephones - mobile cellular compares the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers.
70 Internet users 13,975,422 Internet users 41 July 2016 est. Internet users compares the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months.
71 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 2,310,217 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 50 2017 est.
72 Airports 191 Airports 30 2013 Airports compares the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. The runway(s) may be paved or unpaved and may include closed or abandoned installations.
73 Railways 1,854 (km) 76 2014 Railways compares the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts.
74 Roadways 140,672 (km) 31 2012 Roadways compares the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
75 Waterways 8,808 (km) 14 2011 Waterways compares the total length of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
76 Merchant marine 95 Merchant marine 90 Merchant marine compares all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.
77 Military expenditures 0.9 (% of GDP) 124 2017 Military expenditures compares spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP; calculated on an exchange rate basis).